Asana: A new pattern is introduced to the body by changing the current and habituated patterns through which the body is living. (This includes alignments, posture, gait, and somatic tone.)
Pranayama: Creation of a new breath pattern by teaching various breathing techniques, with or without ratios, either with movement, or in classically sequenced breathing practices.
Ahara and Vihara: New lifestyle patterns that may include diet and exercise.
Pratyahara: Create new patterns for the senses, literally meaning providing the “opposite food.” This presents a multitude of possibilities for the yoga therapist.
Dhyanam: New patterns for the mind which may include meditation, guided imagery, and visualizations.
Mantra: This may include a range from monosyllabic sounds to chants and prayers from different faiths and cultures, or meaningful lines from poems.
Nyasa: Gestures and specific placements often combined with breath or visualization, which are not only palliative, but also bring attention and vitality to the region of focus.
Bhavana: Positive and supportive visualization that empowers the mind in the healing process with specific focuses.
Clinical Synergism In The Treatment Of Trauma: Yoga Therapy And Psychotherapy
Authors: Anita Claney, MS; Gina Siler, MA, MSC, LPC; Kausthub Desikachar, PhD